Inhaled hyaluronic acid against exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in asthma

L. I. Z. Kunz, E. L. J. van Rensen, P. J. Sterk

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Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a polysaccharide that is present in human tissues and body fluids. HA has various functions, including a barrier effect, water homeostasis, stabilizing the extracellular matrix, increased mucociliary clearance and elastin injury prevention. It may therefore exert prophylactic activity in the treatment of asthma. We tested the hypothesis that HA inhalation will prevent exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in a randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled crossover study. Sixteen asthmatic patients with EIB were included in the study (mean (SD)) (age 24.5 (7.3) yr, FEV1 88.6 (11.3) %predicted, PC20 methacholine (g-mean (SD in DD)) 0.4 (1.5) mg/ml). On two separate visits an exercise challenge was performed 15 min post-inhalation of either HA (3 ml 0.1% in PBS) or placebo (3 ml PBS). The maximum fall in FEV1 and the AUC 30 min post-exercise were used as outcomes. After inhalation of both HA and placebo, baseline FEV1 decreased significantly (HA 4.1 (3.1)%, placebo 2.9 (4.1)%, P <0.017). The maximum fall in FEV1 following exercise challenge was not significantly different between HA versus placebo (median HA 22.50%, placebo 27.20%, P=0.379), as was the AUC (median HA 379.3 min*%fall, placebo 498.9 min*%fall, P=0.501). We conclude that at the current dose, inhaled HA does not significantly protect against EIB. This suggests that HA is not effective as a prophylaxis for EIB in patients with asthma
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-291
JournalPulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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