Initiation of cellular organization in lymph nodes is regulated by non-B cell-derived signals and is not dependent on CXC chemokine ligand 13

Tom Cupedo, Frances E Lund, Vu N Ngo, Troy D Randall, Wendy Jansen, Mascha J Greuter, Rene de Waal-Malefyt, Georg Kraal, Jason G Cyster, Reina E Mebius

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The molecular and cellular events that initiate the formation of T and B cell areas in developing lymph nodes are poorly understood. In this study we show that formation of the lymphoid architecture in murine neonatal lymph nodes evolves through a series of distinct stages. The initial segregation of T and B cells is regulated in a CXCL13-independent manner, characterized by the localization of B cells in a ring-like pattern in the outer cortex on day 4. However, during this CXCL13-independent phase of lymph node modeling, CXCL13 is expressed and regulated in a lymphotoxin-alpha1beta2 (LTalpha1beta2)-dependent manner. Surprisingly, neonatal B cells are unable to respond to this chemokine and also lack surface LTalpha1beta2 expression. At this time, CD45+CD4+CD3- cells are the predominant LTalpha1beta2-expressing cells and are also capable of responding to CXCL13. From day 4 on, architectural changes become CXCL13 dependent, and B cells become fully CXCL13 responsive, express LTalpha1beta2, and cluster in anatomically distinct follicles. Because the initial induction of CXCL13 is dependent on LTalpha1beta2, a role for CD45+CD4+CD3- cells in inducing chemokine expression in the developing lymph nodes is proposed and, as such, a role in initiation of the shaping of the microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4889-96
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2004


  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • B-Lymphocytes/physiology
  • CD3 Complex/analysis
  • CD4 Antigens/analysis
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemokine CCL21
  • Chemokine CXCL13
  • Chemokines, CC/biosynthesis
  • Chemokines, CXC/physiology
  • Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis
  • Lymph Nodes/cytology
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha/physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • T-Lymphocytes/physiology

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