Integrating glycomics and genomics uncovers SLC10A7 as essential factor for bone mineralization by regulating post-Golgi protein transport and glycosylation

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Genomics methodologies have significantly improved elucidation of Mendelian disorders. The combination with highthroughput functional-omics technologies potentiates the identification and confirmation of causative genetic variants, especially in singleton families of recessive inheritance. In a cohort of 99 individuals with abnormal Golgi glycosylation, 47 of which being unsolved, glycomics profiling was performed of total plasma glycoproteins. Combination with whole-exome sequencing in 31 cases revealed a known genetic defect in 15 individuals. To identify additional genetic factors, hierarchical clustering of the plasma glycomics data was done, which indicated a subgroup of four patients that shared a unique glycomics signature of hybrid type N-glycans. In two siblings, compound heterozygous mutations were found in SLC10A7, a gene of unknown function in human. These included a missense mutation that disrupted transmembrane domain 4 and a mutation in a splice acceptor site resulting in skipping of exon 9. The two other individuals showed a complete loss of SLC10A7 mRNA. The patients' phenotype consisted of amelogenesis imperfecta, skeletal dysplasia, and decreased bone mineral density compatible with osteoporosis. The patients' phenotype was mirrored in SLC10A7 deficient zebrafish. Furthermore, alizarin red staining of calcium deposits in zebrafish morphants showed a strong reduction in bone mineralization. Cell biology studies in fibroblasts of affected individuals showed intracellular mislocalization of glycoproteins and a defect in post-Golgi transport of glycoproteins to the cell membrane. In contrast to yeast, human SLC10A7 localized to the Golgi. Our combined data indicate an important role for SLC10A7 in bone mineralization and transport of glycoproteins to the extracellular matrix.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3029-3045
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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