Late Gadolinium Enhancement Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Assessment of Substrate for Ventricular Tachycardia With Hemodynamic Compromise

J. Whitaker, R. Neji, S. Kim, A. Connolly, T. Aubriot, J.J. Calvo, R. Karim, C.H. Roney, B. Murfin, C. Richardson, S. Morgan, T.F. Ismail, J. Harrison, J. de Vos, M.C.G. Aalders, S.E. Williams, R. Mukherjee, L. O'Neill, H. Chubb, C. TschabrunnE. Anter, L. Camporota, S. Niederer, S. Roujol, M.J. Bishop, M. Wright, J. Silberbauer, R. Razavi, M. O'Neill

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The majority of data regarding tissue substrate for post myocardial infarction (MI) VT has been collected during hemodynamically tolerated VT, which may be distinct from the substrate responsible for VT with hemodynamic compromise (VT-HC). This study aimed to characterize tissue at diastolic locations of VT-HC in a porcine model.
Methods: Late Gadolinium Enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging was performed in eight pigs with healed antero-septal infarcts. Seven pigs underwent electrophysiology study with venous arterial-extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support. Tissue thickness, scar and heterogeneous tissue (HT) transmurality were calculated at the location of the diastolic electrograms of mapped VT-HC.
Results: Diastolic locations had median scar transmurality of 33.1% and a median HT transmurality 7.6%. Diastolic activation was found within areas of non-transmural scar in 80.1% of cases. Tissue activated during the diastolic component of VT circuits was thinner than healthy tissue (median thickness: 5.5 mm vs. 8.2 mm healthy tissue, p < 0.0001) and closer to HT (median distance diastolic tissue: 2.8 mm vs. 11.4 mm healthy tissue, p < 0.0001). Non-scarred regions with diastolic activation were closer to steep gradients in thickness than non-scarred locations with normal EGMs (diastolic locations distance = 1.19 mm vs. 9.67 mm for non-diastolic locations, p < 0.0001). Sites activated late in diastole were closest to steep gradients in tissue thickness.
Conclusions: Non-transmural scar, mildly decreased tissue thickness, and steep gradients in tissue thickness represent the structural characteristics of the diastolic component of reentrant circuits in VT-HC in this porcine model and could form the basis for imaging criteria to define ablation targets in future trials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number744779
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in cardiovascular medicine
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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