Lateral Process Fracture of the Talus: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

Olivier Wijers, Jelle J. Posthuma, Mathijs B. J. de Haas, Jens A. Halm, Tim Schepers

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fracture of the lateral process of the talus (LPFT) is a frequently overlooked injury that can lead to severe complaints if not treated adequately. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment and long-term outcomes of LPFT through a review of the literature. Furthermore, we propose a modified classification based on severity and intra- or extra-articular location of LPFT. Patients diagnosed with LPFT and treated at a Level 1 trauma center between 2001 and 2018 were included. Fracture and treatment characteristics were recorded in combination with functional outcome and quality of life after a mean follow-up of 5.5 (range 0.8 to 17.2) years. A comprehensive literature search was performed to identify all case series regarding patients with LPFT; 36 patients were included. According to our modified classification, 1 patient had type 1A (2.8%), 6 patients had type 1B (16.7%), 10 patients had type 2 (27.8%), 11 patients had type 3 (30.6%), 6 patients had type 4A (16.7%), and 2 patients had type 4B (5.6%). Twenty-eight patients underwent operative fixation (78%). The median American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hindfoot Score was 75 (range 12 to 100). The median Foot Function Index was 2 (range 0 to 9). The median score for the EuroQol-5D was 0.8 (range –0.5 to 1), and the median score for health status component was 75 (range 30 to 98). There is some room for conservative treatment of LPFT; however, we strongly believe that this should be considered only for nondisplaced, small-fragment, and extra-articular fractures. Surgical treatment leads to an overall good (long-term) outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of foot and ankle surgery
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • 4
  • ankle injuries
  • lateral talar fracture
  • snowboarder's fracture
  • talus
  • trauma

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