Low-risk transfusion-related acute lung injury donor strategies and the impact on the onset of transfusion-related acute lung injury: a meta-analysis

Marcella C. A. Müller, Danielle van Stein, Jan M. Binnekade, Dick J. van Rhenen, Alexander P. J. Vlaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-related mortality. In the past decade blood banks have implemented low-risk TRALI donor strategies, including a male-only donor policy for plasma-containing blood products to prevent onset of TRALI. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether use of low-risk TRALI donor strategies for plasma indeed reduces onset of TRALI. We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from January 1995 up to January 2013. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, methods, and outcomes. Primary endpoint was onset of TRALI. Subgroup analyses were performed for patient populations prone to develop TRALI and general patient populations. Ten articles were included. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model taking into account all transfused products showed a significant reduction for the risk of TRALI after implementation of low-risk TRALI donor strategies (odds ratio [OR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42-0.88). Data from patient populations prone to develop TRALI showed a significant reduction of TRALI risk (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.29-0.90), while data from general patient populations showed a similar nonsignificant trend (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.40-1.09). Results were similar when taking only plasma products into account (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.42-0.92). The introduction of low-risk TRALI donor strategies for plasma-containing products results in a reduction of TRALI
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-175
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this