Measurement invariance of the strength of motivation for medical school: a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis

M An, R A Kusurkar, L Li, Y Xiao, C Zheng, J Hu, M Chen

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BACKGROUND: The Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised (SMMS-R) questionnaire measures students' motivation for studying medicine. It includes three subscales: 'willingness to sacrifice', 'readiness to start', and 'persistence'. Measurement invariance is a prerequisite for group comparisons. The objectives of this study were to verify the factorial structure of the SMMS-R questionnaire and to investigate it's measurement invariance.

METHODS: A total of 989 medical students were approached, 930 cases were kept for data analysis. Factorial structure of and measurement invariance of the SMMS-R were tested using single and multiple group confirmatory factor analyses with Mplus. Trational Cronbach's α along with McDonald's ω and glb were used to measure internal consistency for each subscale.

RESULTS: Internal consistency for subscales and the full instrument were within the acceptable range. A 3-factor structure of the Chinese version of the SMMS-R was supported. Full configural, metric and partial scalar invariance were obtained.

CONCLUSIONS: The SMMS-R showed measurement invariance across gender and two independent samples. So it can be used for group and cross-cultural comparisons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116
JournalBMC Medical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2017


  • Journal Article

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