Memory self-efficacy predicts memory performance: Results from a 6-year follow-up study

Susanne A. M. Valentijn, Robert D. Hill, Susan A. H. van Hooren, Hans Bosma, Martin P. J. van Boxtel, Jelle Jolles, Rudolf W. H. M. Ponds

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between memory self-efficacy (MSE) and a 6-year follow-up assessment of memory functioning in a sample of Dutch older adults. MSE was assessed by a Dutch abridged version of the Metamemory in Adulthood questionnaire (MIA; R. A. Dixon, D. F. Hultsch, & C. Hertzog, 1988; C. Hertzog, D. F. Hultsch, & R. A. Dixon, 1989; R. W. H. M. Ponds & J. Jolles, 1996). The total MSE score predicted memory performance at 6 years, as measured by the Visual Verbal Learning Task (VVLT; N. Brand & J. Jolles, 1985). A separate analysis of the different MSE subscales indicated that the MIA Change score was the most salient domain-specific MSE predictor of subsequent memory performance after 6 years. An extreme groups analysis of the MIA Change score revealed a pattern of performance for those who perceived that their memory was worsening, performing less well on the 3 trials of the VVLT when these were readministered at the 6-year follow-up. Copyright 2006 by the American Psychological Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
JournalPsychology and Aging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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