54 Citations (Scopus)


Recent publications have suggested that infective pathogens might play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This review focuses on these microorganisms in the process of atherosclerosis. The results of in vitro studies, animal studies, tissue studies, and serological studies will be summarised, followed by an overall conclusion concerning the strength of the association of the microorganism with the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The role of the bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae and Helicobacter pylori, and the viruses human immunodeficiency virus, coxsackie B virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus, and measles virus will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-54
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of clinical pathology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2000


  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Chlamydia Infections
  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae
  • Helicobacter Infections
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Humans
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Virus Diseases

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