Moderators of the effects of group-based physical exercise on cancer survivors' quality of life.

J. Kalter, L.M. Buffart, I. Korstjens, E. van Weert, J. Brug, I.M. Verdonck-de Leeuw, I. Mesters, B. van den Borne, J.E.H.M. Hoekstra-Weebers, W.J.G. Ros, A.M. May

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Purpose: This study explored demographic, clinical, and psychological moderators of the effect of a group-based physical exercise intervention on global quality of life (QoL) among cancer survivors who completed treatment. Methods: Cancer survivors were assigned to a 12-week physical exercise (n = 147) or a wait-list control group (n = 62). The main outcome measure was global QoL, assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 at baseline and 12 weeks later. Potential moderators were age, gender, education level, marital status, employment status, type of treatment, time since treatment, the presence of comorbidities, fatigue, general self-efficacy, depression, and anxiety. Linear regression analyses were used to test effect modification of the intervention by each moderator variable using interaction tests (p ≤ 0.10). Results: The physical exercise intervention effect on global QoL was larger for cancer survivors who received radiotherapy (β = 10.3, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 4.4; 16.2) than for cancer survivors who did not receive radiotherapy (β = 1.8, 95 % CI = −5.9; 9.5, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2623-2631
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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