Motor vehicle accidents–related maxillofacial injuries: a multicentre and prospective study

M. Ruslin, M. Brucoli, P. Boffano, A. Benech, E. Dediol, V. Uglešić, Ž. Kovačič, A. Vesnaver, V.S. Konstantinović, M. Petrović, J. Stephens, A. Kanzaria, N. Bhatti, S. Holmes, P.F. Pechalova, A.G. Bakardjiev, V.A. Malanchuk, A.V. Kopchak, P. Galteland, E. MjøenP. Skjelbred, H. Bertin, P. Corre, S. Løes, N. Lekven, S. Laverick, P. Gordon, T. Tamme, S. Akermann, K.H. Karagozoglu, S.C. Kommers, J.G. de Visscher, T. Forouzanfar

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Objectives: The purpose of this European multicenter prospective study was to obtain more precise information about the demographic characteristics and etiologic/epidemiologic patterns of motor vehicle accidents (MVA)–related maxillofacial fractures. Study Design: Of the 3260 patients with maxillofacial fractures admitted within the study period, 326 traumas were caused by MVAs with a male/female ratio of 2.2:1. Results: The maximum incidence was found in Zagreb (Croatia) (18%) and the minimum in Bergen (Norway) (0%). The most frequent mechanisms were car accidents, with 177 cases, followed by motorcycle accidents. The most frequently observed fracture involved the mandible, with 199 fractures, followed by maxillo-zygomatic-orbital (MZO) fractures. Conclusions: In all the 3 groups (car, motorcycle, and pedestrian), mandibular and MZO fractures were the 2 most frequently observed fractures, with some variations. The importance of analyzing MVA-related facial injuries and their features and characteristics should be stressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

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