MR-guided Gated Stereotactic Radiation Therapy Delivery for Lung, Adrenal, and Pancreatic Tumors: A Geometric Analysis

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PURPOSE: We implemented magnetic resonance-guided breath-hold stereotactic body radiation therapy in combination with visual feedback using the MRIdian system. Both accuracy of gated delivery and reproducibility of tumor positions were studied.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Tumor tracking is realized through repeated magnetic resonance imaging in a single sagittal plane at 4 frames per second with deformable image registration. An in-room monitor allowed visualization of the tracked gross tumor volume (GTV) contour and the planning target volume (PTV) (GTV + 3 mm), which was the gating boundary. For each delivery, a predefined threshold-region of interest percentage (ROI%) allows a percentage of GTV area to be outside the gating boundary before a beam-hold is triggered. Accuracy of gated delivery and tumor position reproducibility during breath-holds was analyzed for 15 patients (87 fractions) with lung, adrenal, and pancreas tumors. For each fraction, we analyzed (1) reproducibility of system-tracked GTV centroid position within the PTV; (2) geometric coverage of GTV area within the PTV; (3) treatment duty cycle efficiency; (4) effects of threshold ROI% settings on treatment duty cycle efficiency and GTV area coverage; and (5) beam-off latency effect on mean GTV coverage.

RESULTS: For lung, adrenal, and pancreatic tumors, grouped 5th to 95th percentile distributions of GTV centroid positions in the dorsoventral direction, relative to PTV-center of mass (COM), were, respectively, -3.3 mm to 2.8 mm, -2.5 mm to 3.7 mm, and -4.4 mm to 2.9 mm. Corresponding distributions in the craniocaudal direction were -2.6 mm to 4.6 mm, -4.1 mm to 4.4 mm, and -4.4 mm to 4.5 mm, respectively. Mean GTV areas encompassed during beam-on for all fractions were 94.6%, 94.3%, and 95.3% for lung, adrenal, and pancreas tumors, respectively. Mean treatment duty cycle efficiency ranged from 67% to 87% for these tumors. Use of higher threshold-ROI% resulted in increased duty cycle efficiency, at the cost of a small decrease in GTV area coverage. The beam-off latency had a marginal impact on the GTV coverage.

CONCLUSIONS: Gated stereotactic body radiation therapy delivery during breath-hold, real-time magnetic resonance guidance resulted in at least 95% geometric GTV coverage in lung, adrenal, and pancreatic tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-866
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Issue number4
Early online date29 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2018

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