MRI and the Differential Diagnosis of Dementia

António J. Bastos-Leite, Philip Scheltens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has opened up the way to diagnose dementia in vivo. It provides clear evidence for hippocampal atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD), lobar atrophy in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), vascular changes in VaD, and specific findings in some rare forms of dementia. In addition, the traditional role of excluding space-occupying lesions has been kept and the combination of both aspects has rendered MRI indispensable in the diagnostic work-up.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImaging the Aging Brain
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199864836
ISBN (Print)9780195328875
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • CBD
  • CJD
  • CT
  • Dementia
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Hydrocephalus
  • MRI
  • PSP
  • Vascular dementia

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