Natural patterns of sitting, standing and stepping during and outside work—differences between habitual users and non-users of sit–stand workstations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Sit–stand workstations have shown to reduce sitting time in office workers on a group level. However, movement behaviour patterns might differ between subgroups of workers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine sitting, standing and stepping outcomes between habitual users and non-users of sit–stand workstations. From an international office population based in the Netherlands, 24 users and 25 non-users of sit–stand workstations were included (all had long-term access to these workstations). Using the ActivPAL, sitting, standing and stepping were objectively measured during and outside working hours. Differences in outcomes between users and non-users were analysed using linear regression. During working hours, users sat less (−1.64; 95% IC= −2.27–−1.01 hour/8 hour workday) and stood more (1.51; 95% IC= 0.92–2.10 hour/8 hour workday) than non-users. Attenuated but similar differences were also found for total sitting time over the whole week. Furthermore, time in static standing bouts was relatively high for users during working hours (median= 0.56; IQR = 0.19−1.08 hour/8 hour workday). During non-working hours on workdays and during non-working days, no differences were found between users and non-users. During working hours, habitual users of their sit–stand workstation sat substantially less and stood proportionally more than non-users. No differences were observed outside working hours, leading to attenuated but similar differences in total sitting and standing time between users and non-users for total days. This indicated that the users of sit–stand workstations reduced their sitting time at work, but this seemed not to be accompanied by major carry-over or compensatory effects outside working hours.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4075
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • Movement patterns
  • Office workers
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Prolonged standing
  • Sit
  • Stand workstations
  • Users and non-users
  • Working and non-working hours

Cite this