Standard operating procedures (SOPs) contain general instructions and principles to standardize care, to improve effective and safe healthcare. Developing new, or updating current, SOPs is, however, challenging in fields where high-level evidence is limited. Still, SOPs alone have been shown to result in less complications. In this narrative review, we describe the process of creating a consensus-based SOP that is pragmatic for clinical practice since it can be created regardless of the current level of evidence. Through live audience engagement platforms, a group of experts will be able to both anonymously respond to a created questionnaire, and (subsequently) discuss the results within the same meeting. This modified Digital Delphi method as described here can be used as a tool toward consensus-based healthcare.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5179-5186
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurology
Issue number9
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Consensus
  • Delivery of health care
  • Delphi method
  • Neurosurgical procedures
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Surveys and questionnaires

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