Neutrophil Counts, Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, and Systemic Inflammatory Response Index (SIRI) Predict Mortality after Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Tomasz Urbanowicz, Michał Michalak, Anna Olasińska-Wiśniewska, Michał Rodzki, Anna Witkowska, Aleksandra Gąsecka, Piotr Buczkowski, Bartłomiej Perek, Marek Jemielity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Several perioperative inflammatory markers are postulated to be significant factors for long-term survival after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). Hematological parameters, whether single or combined as indices, provide higher predictive values. Methods: The study group comprised 538 consecutive patients (125 (23%) females and 413 (77%) males) with a mean age of 65 +/− 9 years, who underwent OPCAB with a mean follow-up time of 4.7 +/− 1.7 years. This single-center retrospective analysis included perioperative inflammatory markers such as the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI), aggregate index of systemic inflammation (AISI), and systemic inflammatory index (SII). Results: Multivariable analysis identified levels of neutrophils above 4.3 × 109/L (HR 13.44, 95% CI 1.05–3.68, p = 0.037), values of SIRI above 5.4 (HR 0.29, 95% CI 0.09–0.92, p = 0.036) and values of NLR above 3.5 (HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.48–3.32, p < 0.001) as being significant predictors of long-term mortality. The multifactorial models revealed the possibility of strong prediction by combining preoperative factors (COPD, stroke, PAD, and preoperative PLR) and postoperative neutrophil counts (p = 0.0136) or NLR (p = 0.0136) or SIRI (p = 0.0136). Conclusions: Among the postoperative inflammatory indices, the levels of neutrophils, NLR, and SIRI are the most prominent markers for long-term survival after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, when combined with preoperative characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1124
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • AISI
  • NLR
  • SII
  • SIRI

Cite this