New Pharmacological Strategies against Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: The Multifunctional Thiosemicarbazone FA4

Dario P. Anobile, Mauro Niso, Adrian Puerta, Stephanie M. Fraga Rodrigues, Francesca S. Abatematteo, Amir Avan, Carmen Abate, Chiara Riganti, Elisa Giovannetti

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4 Citations (Scopus)


A new sigma-2 (σ2) receptor ligand (FA4) was efficiently synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxic, proapoptotic, and antimigratory activity on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) primary cell cultures, which restrained the aggressive and chemoresistant behavior of PDAC. This compound showed relevant antiproliferative activity with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values ranging from 0.701 to 0.825 µM. The cytotoxic activity was associated with induction of apoptosis, resulting in apoptotic indexes higher than those observed after exposure to a clinically relevant concentration of the gemcitabine, the first-line drug used against PDAC. Interestingly, FA4 was also able to significantly inhibit the migration rate of both PDAC-1 and PDAC-2 cells in the scratch wound-healing assay. In conclusion, our results support further studies to improve the library of thiosemicarbazones targeting the σ-2 receptor for a deeper understanding of the relationship between the biological activity of these compounds and the development of more efficient anticancer compounds against PDAC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1682
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Chemoresistance
  • Migration
  • Multifunctional thiosemicarbazone
  • Pancreatic cancer primary cultures
  • σ-2 receptor ligands

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