No difference between 5 and 6 weeks of non-weight bearing after osteochondral grafts for medial osteochondral defects of the talus with medial malleolar osteotomy

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and safety at a 1-year follow-up after 5 or 6 weeks of non-weight bearing after a Talar OsteoPeriostic grafting from the Iliac Crest (TOPIC) for a medial osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT).

METHODS: A retrospective comparative case-control analysis of prospectively followed patients who underwent a TOPIC procedure with medial malleolus osteotomy was performed. Patients were matched in two groups with either 5 or 6 weeks of non-weight bearing. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) during walking, rest, running, and stairclimbing. Additionally, the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score were assessed. Moreover, radiology and complications were assessed.

RESULTS: Eleven patients were included in the 5-week non-weight bearing group and 22 in the 6-week non-weight bearing group. No significant differences were found in any of the baseline variables. The NRS during walking in the 5-week group improved by 3.5 points and 4 points for the 6-week group (p = 0.58 at 1-year post-operatively). In addition, all other NRS scores, FAOS subscales and the AOFAS scores improved (all n.s. at 1 year follow-up). No significant differences in radiological (osteotomy union and cyst presence in the graft) were found. Moreover, no significant differences were found in terms of complications and reoperations.

CONCLUSION: No statistical significant differences were found in terms of clinical, radiological and safety outcomes between 5 or 6 weeks of non-weight bearing following a TOPIC for a medial OLT.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy
Early online date17 Jun 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jun 2024

Keywords

  • ankle
  • non-weight bearing
  • osteochondral
  • rehabilitation
  • talus

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