No Efficacy for Silicone Gel Sheeting in Prevention of Abnormal Scar Formation in Children with Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial

K.I. Braam, E.C.M. Kooijmans, E. van Dulmen-den Broeder, M.A. Veening, A.Y.N. Schouten-van Meeteren, P.D.H.M. Verhaegen, G.J.L. Kaspers, F.B. Niessen, H.A. Heij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Placement of a totally implantable venous access device in children with cancer often leads to hypertrophic scars after its removal. This study investigates whether the use of silicone gel sheets has a beneficial effect on scar outcome in children with cancer. In a three-arm randomized controlled trial, the effects of use of silicone gel sheets for 2 and 6 months were assessed and compared with no intervention in children with cancer after removal of the totally implantable venous access device. Silicone gel sheets were first administered 14 days after surgery. The 1-year follow-up included measurements at seven time points. Next to scar size assessment, the modified Vancouver Scar Scale was used to assess scar outcome. Thirty-six children participated. For hypertrophy, no significant differences were found between the two intervention groups and the control group. However, at 1-year follow-up, the 2-month application group showed significantly smaller scars compared with the group receiving silicone gel sheet treatment for 6 months (p = 0.04), but not when compared with the control group (p = 0.22). Longitudinal multilevel analyses could not confirm these findings and showed no significant intervention effects on both outcomes. This study provides no strong evidence to support the use of silicone gel sheets after totally implantable venous access device removal in children with cancer. There seems to be a small benefit for scar width with application for 2 months. However, for hypertrophy, the scar outcome shows no significant difference between the control group and the 2-month and 6-month treatment groups
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1086-1094
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this