No persistent effects of intracerebral curcumin administration on seizure progression and neuropathology in the kindling rat model for temporal lobe epilepsy

C.M. Drion, L. Kooijman, D. Chan, J. Berkhout, E.A. van Vliet, W.J. Wadman, J.A. Gorter

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Curcumin is known for its neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties and has been investigated as a potential therapeutic drug for Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE). We previously found anti-epileptogenic properties of curcumin in an in vitro brain slice model for epileptogenesis, and inhibitory effects on the MAPK-pathway in vivo after intracerebrally applying curcumin in post-status epilepticus rats. Here, we investigated whether the intracerebral application of curcumin could be anti-epileptogenic in the rapid kindling rat model for TLE.
Methods: Curcumin or vehicle was injected directly into the brain through an intracerebral ventricular cannula at 5 consecutive days during the kindling process. Kindling consisted of repeated electrical stimulations of the angular bundle (12 times a day with a 30 min interval) every other day, until rats were fully kindled or until 36 stimulations were administered. One week after kindling acquisition, additional kindling stimulations were applied in a re-test in the absence of curcumin- or vehicle treatment.
Results: Curcumin-treated rats required more stimulations compared to vehicle-treated rats to reach Racine stage IV seizures, indicating that curcumin delayed seizure development. However, it did not prevent the fully kindled state as shown in the re-test. Increasing the dose of curcumin did not produce a delay in seizure development. Immunohistochemistry showed that kindling produced cell loss, astrogliosis, mossy fiber sprouting and neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus, which were not different between vehicle- and curcumin-treated groups.
Conclusion: Although curcumin’s effects on neuropathology were not detected and the delay of kindling development was transient, the data warrant further exploration of its anti-epileptogenic potential using formulations that further increase its bioavailability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106873
Number of pages8
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

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