Non-culprit MACE-rate in LRP: The influence of optimal medical therapy using DAPT and statins

Mick P. L. Renkens, Gary S. Mintz, Rebecca Torguson, Carlo di Mario, Tim ten Cate, Ziad A. Ali, Varinder Singh, William Skinner, Andre Artis, Hector M. Garcia-Garcia, Robbert J. de Winter, Joanna J. Wykrzykowska, Ron Waksman

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Abstract

Background/Purpose: The Lipid Rich Plaque (LRP) study demonstrated the association between coronary plaque lipid content and outcomes. In this LRP substudy, we assessed the impact of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on the occurrence of non-culprit major adverse cardiac events (NC-MACE). Advanced intracoronary imaging modalities are able to identify patients with vulnerable coronary lesion morphology associated with future events. Methods/Materials: A total of 1270 patients who underwent cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) with evaluable maxLCBI4mm in non-culprit vessels and known medical therapy after discharge were followed for 2 years. OMT was defined as the use of a statin and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Results: Among the 1270 patients included in this substudy, 1110 (87.7%) had PCI for an index event, and 1014 (80%) patients received OMT. Estimated cumulative incidence functions of NC-MACE did not differ significantly between patients treated with or without OMT (log-rank p-value = 0.876). In patients labeled high risk (maxLCBI4mm > 400), cumulative incidence function also did not differ between patients treated with vs without OMT (log-rank p-value = 0.19). Conclusions: In the current LRP analysis, we could not identify a beneficial effect of OMT in the reduction of NC-MACE rate, even in patients with high-risk plaques during 24-month follow-up.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular revascularization medicine
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Keywords

  • Dual antiplatelet therapy
  • Lipid-rich plaque
  • Non-culprit major adverse cardiac events
  • Optimal medical therapy

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