Noninvasive cardiac output measurement by arterial pulse analysis compared with inert gas rebreathing

W. J. Stok, F. Baisch, A. Hillebrecht, H. Schulz, M. Meyer, J. M. Karemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Noninvasive cardiac output (CO) measured by arterial pulse analysis was compared with that measured by inert gas rebreathing in six healthy male volunteers. Pulse contour analysis was applied to the pressure wave output of a Finapres, which noninvasively measures continuous arterial pressure in a finger. Data were collected before, during, and after a 10-day 6 degrees head-down tilt experiment. Intravenous saline loading and lower body negative pressure stimuli varied CO over 2.8-9.6 l/min, as measured by the rebreathing technique. Because pulse contour provides only relative changes in CO, to obtain absolute values it must be calibrated against another measurement. Pulse contour data were calibrated every measurement day against the mean of two to four control rebreathing CO measurements before the lower body negative pressure or intravenous saline loading stimuli. Using one averaged calibration factor per subject for a total of 27 days, we compared the results of both methods. The linear regression between pulse contour (Pc CO) and rebreathing CO (Rebr CO) was Pc CO = 0.15 + 0.98(Rebr CO) (r = 0.96). The standard deviation of the difference of the two methods was 0.5 l/min (n = 205), excluding data used for calibration. By monitoring pulse contour CO before and during rebreathing, the rebreathing maneuver itself was shown to produce a substantial increase in CO that was mainly related to an increase in heart rate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2687-2693
JournalJournal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md.
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Cite this