Novel advances in cardiac rehabilitation: Position paper from the Working Group on Preventive Cardiology and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology

T. Vromen, R. W. M. Brouwers, H. T. Jorstad, R. A. Kraaijenhagen, R. F. Spee, M. E. Wittekoek, M. J. Cramer, J. M. C. van Hal, L. Hofstra, P. M. J. C. Kuijpers, E. C. de Melker, S. F. Rodrigo, M. Sunamura, N. H. M. K. Uszko-Lencer, H. M. Kemps

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has evolved as an important part of the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, to date, its full potential is fairly underutilised. This review discusses new developments in CR aimed at improving participation rates and long-term effectiveness in the general cardiac population. It consecutively highlights new or challenging target groups, new delivery modes and new care pathways for CR programmes. These new or challenging target groups include patients with atrial fibrillation, obesity and cardiovascular disease, chronic coronary syndromes, (advanced) chronic heart failure with or without intracardiac devices, women and frail elderly patients. Also, the current evidence regarding cardiac telerehabilitation and loyalty programmes is discussed as new delivery modes for CR. Finally, this paper discusses novel care pathways with the integration of CR in residual risk management and transmural care pathways. These new developments can help to make optimal use of the benefits of CR. Therefore we should seize the opportunities to reshape current CR programmes, broaden their applicability and incorporate them into or combine them with other cardiovascular care programmes/pathways.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number10
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Secondary prevention
  • Telerehabilitation
  • Transmural care

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