Novel loss-of-function variants expand ABCC9-related intellectual disability and myopathy syndrome

Stephanie Efthymiou, Marcello Scala, Vini Nagaraj, Katarzyna Ochenkowska, Fenne L Komdeur, Robin A Liang, Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid, Tipu Sultan, Tuva Barøy, Marijke Van Ghelue, Barbara Vona, Reza Maroofian, Faisal Zafar, Fowzan S Alkuraya, Maha S Zaki, Mariasavina Severino, Kingsley C Duru, Robert C Tryon, Lin Vigdis Brauteset, Morad AnsariMark Hamilton, Mieke M van Haelst, Gijs van Haaften, Federico Zara, Henry Houlden, Éric Samarut, Colin G Nichols, Marie F Smeland, Conor McClenaghan

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Loss-of-function mutation of ABCC9, the gene encoding the SUR2 subunit of ATP sensitive-potassium (KATP) channels, was recently associated with autosomal recessive ABCC9-related intellectual disability and myopathy syndrome (AIMS). Here we identify nine additional subjects, from seven unrelated families, harboring different homozygous LoF variants in ABCC9 and presenting with a conserved range of clinical features. All variants are predicted to result in severe truncations or in-frame deletions within SUR2, leading to the generation of non-functional SUR2-dependent KATP channels. Affected individuals show psychomotor delay and intellectual disability of variable severity, microcephaly, corpus callosum and white matter abnormalities, seizures, spasticity, short stature, muscle fatigability, and weakness. Heterozygous parents do not show any conserved clinical pathology but report multiple incidences of intrauterine fetal death, which were also observed in an eighth family included in this study. In vivo studies of abcc9 LoF in zebrafish revealed an exacerbated motor response to pentylenetetrazole, a pro-convulsive drug, consistent with impaired neurodevelopment associated with an increased seizure susceptibility. Our findings define an ABCC9 LoF related phenotype, expanding the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of AIMS and reveal novel human pathologies arising from KATP channel dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jan 2024

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