Obesity in total hip arthroplasty--does it really matter? A meta-analysis

Daniël Haverkamp, Mark N. Klinkenbijl, Mathijs P. Somford, G. H. Rob Albers, Harm M. van der Vis

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Abstract

Discussion persists as to whether obesity negatively influences the outcome of hip arthroplasty. We performed a meta-analysis with the primary research question of whether obesity has a negative effect on short- and long-term outcome of total hip arthroplasty. We searched the literature and included studies comparing the outcome of hip arthroplasty in different weight groups. The methodology of the studies included was scored according to the Cochrane guidelines. We extracted and pooled the data. For continuous data, we calculated a weighted mean difference and for dichotomous variables we calculated a weighted odds ratio (OR). Heterogeneity was calculated using I(2) statistics. 15 studies were eligible for data extraction. In obese patients, dislocation of the hip (OR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.38-0.75) (10 studies, n = 8,634), aseptic loosening (OR = 0.64, CI: 0.43-0.96) (6 studies, n = 5,137), infection (OR = 0.3, CI: 0.19-0.49) (10 studies, n = 7,500), and venous thromboembolism (OR = 0.56, CI: 0.32-0.98) (7 studies, n = 3,716) occurred more often. Concerning septic loosening and intraoperative fractures, no statistically significant differences were found, possibly due to low power. Subjective outcome measurements did not allow pooling because of high heterogeneity (I(2) = 68%). Obesity appears to have a negative influence on the outcome of total hip replacement
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
JournalActa orthopaedica
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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