Occupational performance: Comparing normally-hearing and hearing-impaired employees using the Amsterdam Checklist for Hearing and Work

Sophia E. Kramer, Theo S. Kapteyn, Tammo Houtgast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

173 Citations (Scopus)


This study compares the occupational performance of employees with and without hearing impairment, and aims to identify occupational difficulties specifically related to hearing loss. The Amsterdam Checklist for Hearing and Work was administered to 150 hearing-impaired employees and 60 normally-hearing colleagues. A multivariate analysis of variance was performed to test group effects, and to examine differences between means. Factors predicting sick-leave were identified by regression analyses. A significant group effect (p <0.01) was found. Hearing-impaired employees differed from normally-hearing colleagues in their perception of 'environmental noise', 'job control' and the 'necessity to use hearing activities' at work. Also, sick-leave due to distress occurred significantly more often in the hearing impaired group (p <0.05). 'Hearing impairment', 'job demand', and the requirement to 'recognize/distinguish between sounds' were the strongest risk-factors for stress related sick-leave. The importance of hearing functions besides speech communication is discussed. Implications for rehabilitation are suggested. In future research, hearing loss should be considered as a risk factor for fatigue and mental distress which may lead to sick-leave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-512
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2006


  • Amsterdam checklist
  • Distinguishing sounds
  • Distress
  • Effort
  • Hearing impairment
  • Job control
  • Job demand
  • Noise
  • Sick-leave
  • Work

Cite this