Performance of copeptin for early diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14,139 patients

Lukasz Szarpak, Marcin Lapinski, Aleksandra Gasecka, Michal Pruc, Wiktoria L. Drela, Mariusz Koda, Andrea Denegri, Frank W. Peacock, Miłosz J. Jaguszewski, Krzysztof J. Filipiak

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) based on copeptin level may enable one to confirm or rule-out acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with higher sensitivity and specificity, which may in turn further reduce mortality rate and decrease the economic costs of ACS treatment. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between copeptin levels and type of ACS. We searched Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane to locate all articles published up to 10 October 2021. We evaluated a meta-analysis with random-effects models to evaluate differences in copeptin levels. A total of 14,139 patients (4565 with ACS) were included from twenty-seven studies. Copeptin levels in AMI and non-AMI groups varied and amounted to 68.7 ± 74.7 versus 14.8 ± 19.9 pmol/L (SMD = 2.63; 95% CI: 2.02 to 3.24; p <0.001). Copeptin levels in the AMI group was higher than in the unstable angina (UAP) group, at 51.9 ± 52.5 versus 12.8 ± 19.7 pmol/L (SMD = 1.53; 95% CI: 0.86 to 2.20; p < 0.001). Copeptin levels in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) versus non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patient groups were 54.8 ± 53.0 versus 28.7 ± 46.8 pmol/L, respectively (SMD = 1.69; 95% CI: = 0.70 to 4.09; p = 0.17). In summary, elevated copeptin levels were observed in patients with ACS compared with patients without ACS. Given its clinical value, copeptin levels may be included in the assessment of patients with ACS as well as for the initial differentiation of ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalJournal of cardiovascular development and disease
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Biomarker
  • Copeptin
  • Systematic review

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