Pharmacokinetics of murine anti-human CD3 antibodies in man are determined by the disappearance of target antigen

R. T. Meijer, R. P. Koopmans, I. J. M. ten Berge, P. T. A. Schellekens

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Abstract

Therapy with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is characterized by a molar ratio of receptor to drug that is higher than usual in pharmacotherapy. As a consequence, changes in the amount of receptors induced by the therapy may have important consequences for pharmacokinetics. We therefore analyzed the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of an experimental therapeutic CD3 antibody, CLB-T3/4.A (murine IgA), which was given as a rejection treatment to renal transplant patients. Patients were treated with 5 mg of the mAb, as a daily bolus injection, during 10 days. Mean trough levels of mAbs increased during the 1st week, and decreased thereafter. However, about one-third of the patients had continuously rising trough levels and about one-third displayed a steady state, that was reached only after 4 days. On the first day of treatment, mAb concentrations showed a biphasic plasma disappearance curve. On subsequent days, monophasic plasma disappearance curves were observed with mean half-lives of 6 to 8 h. Administration of the mAb induced disappearance of target antigen from the peripheral blood, which could explain the difference in kinetics between day 1 and subsequent days shown by a simulation of the multidose curve of plasma concentrations, based on target antigen depletion. We conclude that at this dose the pharmacokinetics of CLB-T3/4.A were to a great extent determined by antibody-induced changes in antigen in peripheral blood. Moreover, determinations of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters based on single-dose data and traditional compartment models were inadequate for the purpose of prediction and extrapolation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-353
JournalJournal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Volume300
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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