Phase I evaluation of cediranib, a selective VEGFR signalling inhibitor, in combination with gefitinib in patients with advanced tumours

Hester van Cruijsen, Emile E. Voest, Cornelis J. A. Punt, Klaas Hoekman, Petronella O. Witteveen, Martijn R. Meijerink, Thomas A. Puchalski, Jane Robertson, Owain Saunders, Juliane M. Jürgensmeier, Carla M. L. van Herpen, Giuseppe Giaccone

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Abstract

Cediranib is a highly potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) signalling. Preclinical and clinical data suggest that inhibition of the VEGFR and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathways may be synergistic. Combination treatment with cediranib and gefitinib, an EGFR signalling inhibitor, was evaluated in patients with advanced solid tumours. Ninety patients received treatment in this four-part, open-label study (NCT00502060). The patients received once-daily oral doses of cediranib (20-45mg) and gefitinib 250mg (part A1; n=16) or 500mg (part B1; n=44). A cohort expansion phase investigated the potential pharmacokinetic interaction of cediranib 30mg with gefitinib 250mg (part A2; n=15) or 500mg (part B2; n=15). The primary objective was to assess the safety and tolerability of cediranib with gefitinib. Secondary assessments included pharmacokinetics, efficacy and pharmacodynamics. Combination treatment was generally well tolerated; the protocol-defined maximum-tolerated dose of cediranib was 30mg/day with gefitinib 250mg/day (part A1) and cediranib 45mg/day was the maximum dose investigated with gefitinib 500mg/day (part B1). The most common adverse events were diarrhoea (84 [93%]), anorexia (63 [70%]) and fatigue (60 [67%]). Cediranib pharmacokinetic parameters were not substantially different when given alone or in combination with gefitinib. Gefitinib pharmacokinetic parameters were similar to those seen previously with gefitinib monotherapy. Efficacy results included eight (9%) confirmed partial responses (6 renal; 1 lung; 1 osteosarcoma) and 38 (42%) patients with stable disease. Pharmacodynamic assessments demonstrated changes in levels of VEGF and soluble VEGFR-2 following treatment. Combination treatment was generally well tolerated and showed encouraging antitumour activity in patients with advanced solid tumours. These results merit further exploration
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-911
JournalEuropean journal of cancer (Oxford, England
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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