Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein alpha regulates growth and apoptosis of NIH3T3 cells: involvement of a cannabinoid 1-like receptor

Martijn Schenning, Claudia M. van Tiel, Daniëlle van Manen, Jord C. Stam, Barend M. Gadella, Karel W. A. Wirtz, Gerry T. Snoek

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Mouse fibroblast cells overexpressing phosphatidylinositol transfer protein alpha [PI-TPalpha; sense PI-TPalpha (SPIalpha) cells] show a significantly increased rate of proliferation and an extreme resistance toward ultraviolet- or tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced apoptosis. The conditioned medium (CM) from SPIalpha cells or the neutral lipid extract from CM stimulated the proliferation of quiescent wild-type NIH3T3 cells. CM was also highly effective in increasing resistance toward induced apoptosis in both wild-type cells and the highly apoptosis-sensitive SPIbeta cells (i.e., wild-type cells overexpressing PI-TPbeta). CM from SPIalpha cells grown in the presence of NS398, a specific cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, expressed a diminished mitogenic and antiapoptotic activity. This strongly suggests that at least one of the bioactive factor(s) is an eicosanoid. In accordance, SPIalpha cells express enhanced levels of COX-1 and COX-2. The antiapoptotic activity of CM from SPIalpha cells tested on SPIbeta cells was inhibited by approximately 50% by pertussis toxin and suramin as well as by SR141716A, a specific antagonist of the cannabinoid 1 receptor. These inhibitors had virtually no effect on the COX-2-independent antiapoptotic activity of CM from SPIalpha cells. The latter results imply that PI-TPalpha mediates the production of a COX-2-dependent eicosanoid that activates a G-protein-coupled receptor, most probably a cannabinoid 1-like receptor
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1555-1564
JournalJournal of lipid research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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