Pioglitazone decreases plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein mass, associated with a decrease in hepatic triglyceride content, in patients with type 2 diabetes

Jacqueline T. Jonker, Yanan Wang, Willeke de Haan, Michaela Diamant, Luuk J. Rijzewijk, Rutger W. van der Meer, Hildo J. Lamb, Jouke T. Tamsma, Albert de Roos, Johannes A. Romijn, Patrick C. N. Rensen, Johannes W. A. Smit

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Abstract

Thiazolidinediones reduce hepatic steatosis and increase HDL cholesterol levels. In mice with human-like lipoprotein metabolism (APOE*3-Leiden.CETP transgenic mice), a decrease in hepatic triglyceride content is associated with a decrease in plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mass and an increase in HDL levels. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the effects of pioglitazone on CETP mass in patients with type 2 diabetes. We included 78 men with type 2 diabetes (aged 56.5 +/- 0.6 years; HbA1c 7.1 +/- 0.1%) who were randomly assigned to treatment with pioglitazone (30 mg/day) or metformin (2000 mg/day) and matching placebo, in addition to glimepiride. At baseline and after 24 weeks of treatment plasma HDL cholesterol levels and CETP mass were measured, and hepatic triglyceride content was assessed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. RESULTS Pioglitazone decreased hepatic triglyceride content (5.9 [interquartile range 2.6-17.4] versus 4.1 [1.9-12.3]%, P <0.05), decreased plasma CETP mass (2.33 +/- 0.10 vs. 2.06 +/- 0.10 microg/ml, P <0.05), and increased plasma HDL cholesterol level (1.22 +/- 0.05 vs. 1.34 +/- 0.05 mmol/l, P <0.05). Metformin did not significantly change any of these parameters. A decrease in hepatic triglyceride content by pioglitazone is accompanied by a decrease in plasma CETP mass and associated with an increase in HDL cholesterol levels. These results in patients with type 2 diabetes fully confirm recent findings in mice
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1628
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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