18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We assessed the performance of plasma amyloid oligomerization tendency (OAβ) as a marker for abnormal amyloid status. Additionally, we examined long-term storage effects on plasma OAβ. Methods: We included 399 subjects regardless of clinical diagnosis from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort and European Medical Information Framework for AD project (age, 63.8 ± 6.6; 44% female). Amyloid status was determined by visual read on positron emission tomography (PET; n abnormal = 206). Plasma OAβ was measured using the multimer detection system (MDS). Long-term storage effects on MDS-OAβ were assessed using general linear models. Associations between plasma MDS-OAβ and Aβ-PET status were assessed using logistic regression and receiver operating characteristics analyses. Correlations between plasma MDS-OAβ and CSF biomarker levels were evaluated using Pearson correlation analyses. Results: MDS-OAβ was higher in individuals with abnormal amyloid, and it identified abnormal Aβ-PET with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.74 (95% CI, 0.67–0.81), especially in samples with a storage duration < 4 years. Combining APOEe4 and age with plasma MDS-OAβ revealed an AUC of 81% for abnormal amyloid PET status (95% CI, 74–87%). Plasma MDS-OAβ correlated negatively with MMSE (r = − 0.29, p <.01) and CSF Aβ42 (r = − 0.20, p < 0.05) and positively with CSF Tau (r = 0.20, p = 0.01). Conclusions: Plasma MDS-OAβ combined with APOEe4 and age accurately identifies brain amyloidosis in a large Aβ-confirmed population. Using plasma MDS-OAβ as a screener reduced the costs and number of PET scans needed to screen for amyloidosis, which is relevant for clinical trials. Additionally, plasma MDS-OAβ levels appeared affected by long-term storage duration, which could be of interest for others measuring plasma Aβ biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133
JournalAlzheimer's Research and Therapy
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Amyloid status
  • Blood-based biomarker
  • Long-term storage
  • Multimer detection system
  • Plasma Aβ oligomer

Cite this