Predictors of transitions from single to multiple job holding: Results of a longitudinal study among employees aged 45-64 in the Netherlands

Stef Bouwhuis, Goedele A. Geuskens, Cécile R.L. Boot, Paulien M. Bongers, Allard J. van der Beek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To construct prediction models for transitions to combination multiple job holding (MJH) (multiple jobs as an employee) and hybrid MJH (being an employee and self-employed), among employees aged 45-64. Methods: A total of 5187 employees in the Netherlands completed online questionnaires annually between 2010 and 2013. We applied logistic regression analyses with a backward elimination strategy to construct prediction models. Results: Transitions to combination MJH and hybrid MJH were best predicted by a combination of factors including: demographics, health and mastery, work characteristics, work history, skills and knowledge, social factors, and financial factors. Not having a permanent contract and a poor household financial situation predicted both transitions. Some predictors only predicted combination MJH, e.g., working part-time, or hybrid MJH, e.g., work-home interference. Conclusions: A wide variety of factors predict combination MJH and/or hybrid MJH. The prediction model approach allowed for the identification of predictors that have not been previously studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-710
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican journal of industrial medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • ageing employee
  • dual job holding
  • employability
  • moonlighting
  • multi-jobbing
  • predictors

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