Presence of the variant mannose-binding lectin alleles associated with slower progression to AIDS. Amsterdam Cohort Study

J. Maas, A. M. de Roda Husman, M. Brouwer, A. Krol, R. Coutinho, I. Keet, R. van Leeuwen, H. Schuitemaker

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between mannose-binding lectin (MBL) polymorphism and progression to AIDS and death in HIV-1 infection. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 131 HIV-1-infected homosexual seroconverters, survival analyses were performed to determine both the association between MBL genotype and time from HIV-1 seroconversion to AIDS and death, and time from AIDS to death. RESULTS: Of the 131 seroconverters, of whom 61 developed AIDS, 76 were typed as homozygous wild-type and 55 as carriers of variant alleles (52 heterozygous and three homozygous variant alleles). A Survival analyses suggested that HIV-1-infected men with the variant alleles progressed somewhat slower to AIDS [relative hazard (RH), 0.62; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.36-1.10] and death (RH, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.42-1.25). Interestingly, CD4+ T-cell count determined at the moment of AIDS was found to be significantly lower among persons with the mutation (97 x 10(6)/l versus 204 x 10(6)/l; P=0.03). Furthermore, when AIDS-free times before the diagnosis of an opportunistic infection were compared with those preceding a diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma diagnosis was more postponed than that of an opportunistic infection (RH, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.05-0.95; versus RH, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.35-1.27). CONCLUSION: Indications for a weak pre-AIDS protective effect of variant MBL alleles were demonstrated
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2275-2280
JournalAIDS (London, England)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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