Prevalence of Mitral Annulus Disjunction and Mitral Valve Prolapse in Patients With Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation

Sanne A. Groeneveld, Feddo P. Kirkels, Maarten J. Cramer, Reinder Evertz, Kristina H. Haugaa, Pieter G. Postema, Niek H. J. Prakken, Arco J. Teske, Arthur A. M. Wilde, Birgitta K. Velthuis, Robin Nijveldt, Rutger J. Hassink

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BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) is diagnosed in patients with ventricular fibrillation of which the origin is not identified after extensive evaluations. Recent studies suggest an association between mitral annulus disjunction (MAD), mitral valve prolapse (MVP), and ventricular arrhythmias. The prevalence of MAD and MVP in patients with IVF in this regard is not well established. We aimed to explore the prevalence of MAD and MVP in a consecutive cohort of patients with IVF compared with matched controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective, multicenter cohort study, cardiac magnetic resonance images from patients with IVF (ie, negative for ischemia, cardiomyopathy, and channelopathies) and age-and sex-matched control subjects were analyzed for the presence of MAD (≥2 mm) and MVP (>2 mm). In total, 72 patients (mean age 39±14 years, 42% women) and 72 control subjects (mean age 41±11 years, 42% women) were included. MAD in the inferolateral wall was more prevalent in patients with IVF versus healthy controls (7 [11%] versus 1 [1%], P=0.024). MVP was only seen in patients with IVF and not in controls (5 [7%] versus 0 [0%], P=0.016). MAD was observed in both patients with (n=4) and without (n=3) MVP. CONCLUSIONS: Inferolateral MAD and MVP were significantly more prevalent in patients with IVF compared with healthy controls. The authors advocate that evaluation of the mitral valve region deserves extra attention in the extensive screening of patients with unexplained cardiac arrest. These findings support further exploration of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying a subset of IVF that associates with MAD and MVP.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere025364
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2022


  • cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • idiopathic ventricular fibrillation
  • mitral annulus disjunction
  • mitral valve prolapse
  • ventricular arrhythmias

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