Prevention of experimental colitis by parenteral administration of a pathogen-derived immunomodulatory molecule

Henri Braat, Peter McGuirk, Fiebo J. W. ten Kate, Inge Huibregtse, Padraic J. Dunne, Daan W. Hommes, Sander J. H. van Deventer, Kingston H. G. Mills

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BACKGROUND: Filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) of Bordetella pertussis subverts host immune responses by inhibiting interleukin (IL)12 and enhancing IL10 production by macrophages and dendritic cells, and promoting the induction of regulatory T cells. Hypothesis: Injection of FHA would ameliorate disease in a T cell-dependent model of colitis via the induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines and regulatory T cells. METHODS: Colitis was induced by injection of CD4CD45RB(high) naive T cells into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. Mice were treated with four subcutaneous injections of FHA or buffer alone. RESULTS: Parenteral injection of FHA stimulated IL10 and/or transforming growth factor beta production in local and mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches of mice 2-6 h after administration. Compared with phosphate-buffered saline-treated mice, FHA-treated SCID mice had significantly (p <0.01) less weight loss, lower colon weight, less colon shrinkage and reduced inflammatory lesions. The therapeutic effect of FHA was associated with enhanced IL10 and reduced type 1 and type 2 T helper cytokine production by spleen cells. Finally, FHA also attenuated the symptoms of colitis in SCID mice transferred with CD4CD45RB(high) T cells from IL10-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding shows that FHA suppresses type 1 T helper and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and ameliorates disease activity in a chronic T cell-dependent model of colitis, an effect that was not dependent on IL10 production by T cells, but was associated with induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines in vivo. Having already been used as a pertussis vaccine component in children, FHA is a promising candidate for clinical testing in patients with Crohn's disease
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-357
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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