Prevention of experimental colitis by parenteral administration of a pathogen-derived immunomodulatory molecule

Henri Braat, Peter McGuirk, Fiebo J. W. ten Kate, Inge Huibregtse, Padraic J. Dunne, Daan W. Hommes, Sander J. H. van Deventer, Kingston H. G. Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle*Academicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) of Bordetella pertussis subverts host immune responses by inhibiting interleukin (IL)12 and enhancing IL10 production by macrophages and dendritic cells, and promoting the induction of regulatory T cells. Hypothesis: Injection of FHA would ameliorate disease in a T cell-dependent model of colitis via the induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines and regulatory T cells. METHODS: Colitis was induced by injection of CD4CD45RB(high) naive T cells into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. Mice were treated with four subcutaneous injections of FHA or buffer alone. RESULTS: Parenteral injection of FHA stimulated IL10 and/or transforming growth factor beta production in local and mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches of mice 2-6 h after administration. Compared with phosphate-buffered saline-treated mice, FHA-treated SCID mice had significantly (p <0.01) less weight loss, lower colon weight, less colon shrinkage and reduced inflammatory lesions. The therapeutic effect of FHA was associated with enhanced IL10 and reduced type 1 and type 2 T helper cytokine production by spleen cells. Finally, FHA also attenuated the symptoms of colitis in SCID mice transferred with CD4CD45RB(high) T cells from IL10-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding shows that FHA suppresses type 1 T helper and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and ameliorates disease activity in a chronic T cell-dependent model of colitis, an effect that was not dependent on IL10 production by T cells, but was associated with induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines in vivo. Having already been used as a pertussis vaccine component in children, FHA is a promising candidate for clinical testing in patients with Crohn's disease
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-357
JournalGut
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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