Prognostic value of type D personality for 10-year mortality and subjective health status in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention

K. Dulfer, B. A. F. Hazemeijer, M. R. van Dijk, R. J. M. van Geuns, J. Daemen, R. T. van Domburg, E. M. W. J. Utens

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Given the debate around limitations and controversies in type D personality studies, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of 'synergistically' analyzed type D personality (interaction z-scores negative affectivity NA, and social inhibition SI) on 10-year mortality and on 10-year subjective health status in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients. This prospective study comprised a cohort of 1190 consecutive patients who underwent PCI between October 2001 and September 2002 (73% male, mean age: 62years, range [27-90]years). At baseline, type D personality (DS14), and depression/anxiety (HADS) were assessed. Primary endpoint was 10year all-cause mortality; secondary endpoint was 10-year subjective health status (SF-36). After a median follow-up of 10.3years (IQR 9.8-10.8), 293 deaths of any cause (24.6%) were recorded. After adjustment for significant baseline characteristics, personality categories approached and dichotomously approached type D personality were associated with 10-year mortality, p <.05. Synergistically approached type D personality was not associated with all-cause mortality or subjective health status at 10years. In survivors, higher NA was associated with lower subjective health status. Type D was not associated with mortality after adjusting for continuous depression and anxiety in all approaches. Synergistically analyzed type D was not associated with 10-year all-cause mortality in PCI patients whereas dichotomous type D was. However, after adjustment for depression most of the findings had disappeared. Depression played an important role in this. Type D was not associated with 10-year subjective health status
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-221
JournalJournal of psychosomatic research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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