Prospective assessment of clinical symptoms associated with enterovirus and parechovirus genotypes in a multicenter study in Dutch children

S. C. M. de Crom, J. W. A. Rossen, R. A. de Moor, E. J. M. Veldkamp, A. M. van Furth, C. C. Obihara

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Human non-polio enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are important pathogens of viral infection and aseptic meningitis in children. The aim of this study is to prospectively compare the incidence, clinical signs, blood and cerebrospinal fluid in EV and HPeV infected children. To compare the clinical symptoms and laboratory data of children with different EV and HPeV genotypes. This study is part of a multicenter prospective cohort study. Children were included in 3 different hospitals in The Netherlands from 2008 to 2011. Of 285 included patients, 140 (49%) had EV and 44 (15%) HPeV infection. Of children with EV infection 9 (6%) had EV-A, 109 (78%) EV-B, 12 (9%) had a non-type able EV and in 10 (7%) no genotyping was performed. Of children with HPeV infection, 24 (55%) had HPeV-3, 6 (14%) HPeV-1, 2 (5%) HPeV-4 and 1 (2%) HPeV-6. Meningitis was more frequent in EV than in HPeV infected children (54% vs. 36%, p=0.046), and in EV-B than EV-A infected children (60 vs. 33%). In contrast gastroenteritis was more frequent in HPeV than EV infected children (30% vs. 15%, p=0.030), and significantly more in HPeV-1 than HPeV-3 infected children (p <0.001). EV infection is more often associated with meningitis and HPeV infection more often with a gastro-enteritis. EV genotype B infection is more often associated with meningitis than EV genotype A infection. HPeV-1 infection was more often associated with gastroenteritis than HPeV-3 infection
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
JournalJournal of clinical virology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • Children
  • Enterovirus
  • Genotype
  • Human parechovirus
  • Subtype

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