Psychometric properties and utility of the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA) in a sample of people with bipolar disorder

Jannis T. Kraiss, Peter M. ten Klooster, Melissa Chrispijn, Anja W. M. M. Stevens, Ralph W. Kupka, Ernst T. Bohlmeijer

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Objectives: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Responses to Positive Affect (RPA) questionnaire in a sample of persons with bipolar disorder (BD). Method: Cross-sectional survey study with 107 persons with BD. The original 3-factor model of the RPA was compared with a 2-factor model. Construct validity was determined with measures of well-being, personal recovery, social role participation, and psychopathology and incremental validity was evaluated. Results: The fit of the 3-factor model was acceptable for most fit indices. Subscores of the RPA revealed a significant relationship with aspects of well-being, personal recovery, and psychopathology. Dampening and self-focused positive rumination explained additional variance in personal recovery above and beyond well-being. Conclusions: The RPA is an internally consistent and valid tool to assess positive emotion regulation processes in persons with BD. Specifically, the processes of dampening and emotion-focused positive rumination seem to play an important role in BD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1850-1865
JournalJournal of clinical psychology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

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