Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Systemic Sclerosis Is Associated with Profound Impairment of Microvascular Endothelium-dependent Vasodilatation

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Abstract

Objective. Impaired microvascular function may contribute to organ complications in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). We investigated whether SSc patients with and without pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) show a graded impairment of microvascular function compared to healthy controls. Methods. Twenty-two patients with SSc and 22 controls were studied. All patients underwent right heart catheterization; 6 had no PAH (SSc-nonPAH) and 16 had PAH (SSc-PAH). Acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-mediated endothelium-independent vasodilatation were assessed by iontophoresis combined with laser Doppler flowmetry. Results. Compared to sex- and age-matched controls, ACh-mediated vasodilatation was reduced in SSc-PAH (340.4% vs 79.5%, respectively; p <0.01), but not in SSc-nonPAH (340.4% vs 397.9%; p = 0.90). No significant differences were present between the groups in SNP-mediated vasodilatation. Conclusion. Systemic microvascular endothelium-dependent vasodilatation is markedly reduced in SSc complicated by PAH. (First Release Dec 15 2011; J Rheumatol 2012;39:100-5; doi:10.3899/jrheum.110397)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)100-105
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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