Quality of life following maxillofacial trauma in the elderly: a multicenter, prospective study

Paolo Boffano, Alberto Pau, Camilla Dosio, Muhammad Ruslin, Tymour Forouzanfar, Tanía Rodríguez-Santamarta, Juan Carlos de Vicente, Marko Tarle, Emil Dediol, Petia Pechalova, Nikolai Pavlov, Hristo Daskalov, Iva Doykova, Kadri Kelemith, Tiia Tamme, Andrey Kopchak, Romanova Anna Yu, Pierre Corre, Helios Bertin, Maeva BourryPierre Guyonvarc’h, Zoran Jezdić, Vitomir S. Konstantinovic, Thomas Starch-Jensen, Matteo Brucoli

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Background/aims: When facial trauma involves elderly patients, the possible presence of frailty and comorbidities in victims of trauma may worsen the posttraumatic symptoms and decrease quality of life. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the quality of life following surgical or non-operative management of maxillofacial trauma in elderly patients. Materials and methods: This cohort study was based on the administration of validated self-administered questionnaires to all the geriatric patients (70 years or more) with facial fractures from the involved maxillofacial surgical units across Europe, since 1st January 2019 to 31st June 2019. The following questionnaires were administered: SF36 questionnaire; the VFQ-25 questionnaire; the Oral Health Impact Profile – 14 (OHIP14). Outcome variables were VFQ-25 and OHIP-14 results. Results: A total of 37 patients (14 male and 23 female patients) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Elderly patients had an improvement in almost all the categories examined by the SF-36 questionnaire 6 months after trauma, with the only exception of a worsening as for role limitations due to physical health. An improvement was observed in almost all the categories at SF-36 test. A worsening of scores of OHIP-14 for all the considered dimensions in the whole study population was observed too. Conclusions: Elderly patients following facial trauma experience significant emotional, social, and functional disturbances. We observed that emotional problems, energy/fatigue, social functioning, and generally social limitations played a great role in the decrease of QoL in elderly patients following maxillofacial trauma.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


  • Elderly
  • Facial
  • Fracture
  • Frailty
  • Maxillofacial trauma
  • Quality of life

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