Quantification of mucin in human gallbladder bile: a fast, specific, and reproducible method

J. F. Miquel, A. K. Groen, M. J. van Wijland, R. del Pozo, M. I. Eder, C. von Ritter

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22 Citations (Scopus)


It is generally accepted that gallbladder mucin (GBM) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone (ChG) disease. However, it remains unclear whether ChG patients have higher GBM concentrations than controls. Discrepant findings regarding biliary mucin concentrations may be due to methodological problems with the assays commonly used. The methods currently used to quantitate mucin in bile have not been systematically evaluated. To establish a reliable method for mucin quantification in bile, we evaluated three mucin assays: the classic Pearson-PAS (periodic acid Schiff) assay, a direct fluorometric assay, and a new PAS or fluorometric assay with the following modifications of the Pearson assay: preincubation of bile samples with TBS containing KSCN and sodium taurocholate and micellation of biliary lipids during gel chromatographic fractionation using 25 mM sodium taurocholate in the elution buffer. SDS-PAGE and monoclonal anti-human-GBM (GBM59) were used to identify mucin. Highly specific and reproducible mucin isolation was achieved with the modified method. We found considerable loss of mucin during the different purification steps in the Pearson method. The direct fluorometric assay showed unspecific fluorometric signal with low molecular constituents of bile. Our experiments showed that human-GBM can be accurately measured after a simple modified chromatographic fractionation followed by a PAS or fluorometric assay
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2450-2458
JournalJournal of lipid research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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