Application of immunohistochemistry to assess the presence of prognostic tissue markers is used widely. The quantitation of these markers may be hampered by a time-related loss of antigenicity in formalin-fixed paraffin- embedded tissue stored on glass slides. Potential loss of immunohistochemical staining intensity was studied on prostatic needle biopsy sections stored for a maximum of 4 years with antibodies against p27(kip1), CD-44s, MIB-1, and androgen receptor (AR). In benign tissue, the positive/total ratio for p27(kip1) was determined, while CD-44s staining intensity was assessed semiquantitatively. For MIB-1 and AR, nuclear staining intensity was assessed using computed image analysis. An exponential and significant decay of immunoreactivity was seen for p27(kip1), CD-44s, MIB-1, and AR, with half- lives of 587 days, 214 days, and 290 days for p27(kip1), MIB-1, and AR, respectively. Immunohistochemical assessment of prognostic tissue markers on stored slides must be considered with care in research and clinical settings.
- Paraffin slides
- Prognostic marker