Quantitative PCR Analysis for Bcl-2/IgH in a Phase III Study of Yttrium-90 Ibritumomab Tiuxetan As Consolidation of First Remission in Patients With Follicular Lymphoma

Lindsey Goff, Karin Summers, Sameena Iqbal, Jens Kuhlmann, Michael Kunz, Tom Louton, Anton Hagenbeek, Franck Morschhauser, Barbara Putz, Andrew Lister, Ama Rohatiner

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PURPOSE The randomized First-Line Indolent Trial (FIT) was conducted in patients with advanced follicular lymphoma (FL), to evaluate the safety and efficacy of yttrium-90 ((90)Y) ibritumomab tiuxetan given as consolidation of complete or partial remission. This study of minimal residual disease was undertaken in parallel, to determine the rate of conversion from bcl-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) -detectable to -undetectable status and the corresponding effect on progression-free survival (PFS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Blood samples from 414 patients ((90)Y-ibritumomab, n = 208; control, n = 206) were evaluated using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR); 186 were found to have the bcl-2 rearrangement and were thus eligible for inclusion in the RQ-PCR analysis. Results Overall, 90% of treated patients converted from bcl-2 PCR-detectable to -undetectable disease status, compared with 36% in the control group. Treatment significantly prolonged median PFS in patients converting to bcl-2 PCR-undetectable status (40.8 v 24.0 months in the control group; P < .01, hazard ratio [HR], 0.399). In patients who had bcl-2 PCR-detectable disease at random assignment, treatment significantly prolonged median PFS (38.4 v 8.2 months in the control group; P < .01, HR, 0.293). CONCLUSION Eradication of PCR-detectable disease occurred more frequently after treatment with (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan and was associated with prolongation of PFS
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6094-6100
JournalJournal of clinical oncology
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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