Radioimmunotherapy of head and neck cancer xenografts using 131I-labeled antibody L19-SIP for selective targeting of tumor vasculature

Bernard M. Tijink, Dario Neri, C. René Leemans, Marianne Budde, Ludger M. Dinkelborg, Marijke Stigter-Van Walsum, Luciano Zardi, Guus A.M.S. Van Dongen

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Abstract

The extra domain B of fibronectin (ED-B) is a marker of tumor angiogenesis. The human monoclonal antibody (mAb) L19-SIP (∼80 kDa; SIP is "small immunoprotein") has been selected for targeting of ED-B. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with L19-SIP, either alone or in combination with cetuximab, for treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Combination with cetuximab was considered because this anti-EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) mAb has proven value for the treatment of HNSCC. Methods: HNSCC xenograft lines FaDu and HNX-OE were evaluated for ED-B and EGFR expression. L19-SIP was radiolabeled with 2 candidate radionuclides for RIT, 177Lu and 131I (or 125I as substitute). The biodistribution of coinjected 177Lu-L19-SIP and 125I-L19-SIP was assessed in FaDu-bearing nude mice, whereas 131I-L19-SIP was evaluated in both xenograft lines. After labeling with high-dose 131I (623-789 MBq/mg), the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was assessed. The efficacy of RIT with injected 131I-L19-SIP, either alone or in combination with unlabeled cetuximab (1 mg 2 times a week intraperitoneally for 4 wk), was evaluated in both xenograft lines. Results: Xenograft lines expressed both antigens, with similar EGFR expression and the highest ED-B expression in FaDu. Radioiodinated L19-SIP performed better than 177Lu-L19-SIP and was further exploited. The biodistribution of 131I-L19-SIP was most favorable in FaDu-bearing mice, with tumor uptake values at 24, 48, and 72 h after injection of 8.± 6 1.6, 5.8 ± 0.4, and 3.4 ± 0.2 %ID/g (%ID/g is percentage injected dose per gram of tissue), respectively, and ratios of tumor to normal tissues that gradually increased in time, such as for blood from 4.4 ± 1.8 at 24 h to 21.4 ± 1.7 at 72 h, after injection. RIT at the MTD level of 74 MBq caused significant tumor growth delay and improved survival in both lines. Although FaDu was most sensitive for RIT, with size reduction of all tumors, HNX-OE was most sensitive for treatment with cetuximab. The best survival and cure rates were obtained, however, when RIT and cetuximab were combined. Conclusion: RIT with 131I-L19-SIP appeared efficacious in HNSCC xenografts. The efficacy of RIT was enhanced by combination with cetuximab, without increase of toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1135
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine
Volume47
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • ED-B
  • L19-SIP
  • Radioimmunotherapy
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

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