Reactivity to IgE-dependent histamine-releasing activity in asthma or rhinitis

S. G. Pasmans, M. Aalbers, M. J. van der Veen, E. F. Knol, J. S. van der Zee, H. M. Jansen, R. C. Aalberse

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Abstract

We investigated the relation between IgE reactive with histamine-releasing factor (HRF) and clinical status in patients with asthma or rhinitis. Sera were used to passively sensitize purified, lactic-acid treated basophils. IgE-independent HRF due to chemokines was removed from mononuclear cell supernatants with heparin-Sepharose. IgE-dependent HRF was determined by measuring the increase in histamine release between 1 min and 60 min, which was designated delta HRF. HRF-reactive IgE was demonstrable in nine of 18 patients with allergic asthma, three of 19 patients with nonallergic asthma, five of 17 patients with allergic rhinitis, and none of 19 control patients. The presence of HRF-reactive IgE was associated with: (1) IgE to inhalant allergens; 40% of radioallergosorbent test (RAST)-positive individuals versus 8% of RAST-negative individuals were positive (OR = 7.8, p < 0.005); (2) bronchial sensitivity to histamine in all asthmatic patients (geometric mean PC20: 1.50 versus 0.51 mg/ml; p < 0.005); and (3) bronchial sensitivity to histamine in allergic asthmatic patients (geometric mean PC20: 1.27 versus 0.37 mg/ml, p < 0.02). These findings support the hypothesis that IgE-dependent HRF might contribute to the chronic allergic reaction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-323
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume154
Issue number2 Part 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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