Recombinant, B-domain deleted factor VIII (r-VIII SQ): pharmacokinetics and initial safety aspects in hemophilia A patients

K. Fijnvandraat, E. Berntorp, J. W. ten Cate, H. Johnsson, M. Peters, G. Savidge, L. Tengborn, J. Spira, C. Stahl

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Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of a second-generation recombinant B-domain deleted factor VIII (FVIII) preparation (r-VIII SQ) were studied in 36 patients with severe hemophilia A. In contrast to full-length recombinant FVIII, no albumin needs to be added to stabilize the final formulation of this B-domain deleted FVIII preparation. The in vivo recovery and half-life of r-VIII SQ were similar to those of plasma-derived (pd) FVIII (mean half-life of r-VIII SQ, 11.7 h). The volume of distribution and clearance were slightly, but significantly, higher for r-VIII SQ than for pdFVIII (p <0.05). Peak plasma levels of FVIII were consistently related to the administered dose of r-VIII SQ (r = 0.94, p <0.0001). The pharmacokinetic profile of r-VIII SQ remained essentially unchanged in a dose range of 25-100 IU/kg body weight and could be reproduced after repeated doses. r-VIII SQ was well tolerated. In conclusion, deletion of the B-domain of FVIII does not influence its in vivo pharmacokinetics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-302
JournalThrombosis and haemostasis
Volume77
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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