Regional and temporal expression patterns of interleukin-10, interleukin-10 receptor and adhesion molecules in the rat spinal cord during chronic relapsing EAE

Annemarie Ledeboer, Anne Wierinckx, John G J M Bol, Sarah Floris, Chantal Renardel de Lavalette, Helga E De Vries, Timo K van den Berg, Christine D Dijkstra, Fred J H Tilders, Anne-Marie van dam

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47 Citations (Scopus)


Adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mediate leukocyte infiltration into the CNS, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Because exogenous interleukin-10 (IL-10) inhibits ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression and clinical EAE, we hypothesize that endogenous IL-10 signaling may suppress expression of adhesion molecules. In a rat model of chronic relapsing EAE, expression levels of IL-10 and its receptor (IL-10R1), ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA in the spinal cord are markedly increased, whereas levels of IL-10 mRNA remain relatively low. The temporal pattern of mRNA and protein expression showed marked differences between spinal cord levels. During relapse, IL-10, IL-10R1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 mRNA levels and neurological scores show positive correlations. We conclude that endogenous IL-10 is not a crucial factor inhibiting adhesion molecule expression in this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003


  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
  • Chronic Disease
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Interleukin-10
  • Journal Article
  • Male
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Reaction Time
  • Receptors, Interleukin
  • Receptors, Interleukin-10
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Spinal Cord
  • Time Factors
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1

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