Remote spectroscopic identification of bloodstains

Rolf H. Bremmer, Gerda Edelman, Tessa Dijn Vegter, Ted Bijvoets, Maurice C. G. Aalders

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Blood detection and identification at crime scenes are crucial for harvesting forensic evidence. Unfortunately, most tests for the identification of blood are destructive and time consuming. We present a fast and nondestructive identification test for blood, using noncontact reflectance spectroscopy. We fitted reflectance spectra of 40 bloodstains and 35 nonbloodstains deposited on white cotton with spectroscopic features of the main compounds of blood. Each bloodstain was measured 30 times to account for aging effects. The outcome of the blood measurements was compared with the reflectance of blood-mimicking stains and various body fluids. We found that discrimination between blood and nonblood deposited on white cotton is possible with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 98%. In conclusion, a goodness of fit between the sample's reflectance and the blood component fit may allow identification of blood at crime scenes by remote spectroscopy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1475
JournalJournal of forensic sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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