Review of the reported measures of clinical validity and clinical utility as arguments for the implementation of pharmacogenetic testing: A case study of statin-induced muscle toxicity

Marleen E. Jansen, T. Rigter, W. Rodenburg, T. M.C. Fleur, E. J.F. Houwink, M. Weda, Martina C. Cornel

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Advances from pharmacogenetics (PGx) have not been implemented into health care to the expected extent. One gap that will be addressed in this study is a lack of reporting on clinical validity and clinical utility of PGx-tests. A systematic review of current reporting in scientific literature was conducted on publications addressing PGx in the context of statins and muscle toxicity. Eighty-nine publications were included and information was selected on reported measures of effect, arguments, and accompanying conclusions. Most authors report associations to quantify the relationship between a genetic variation an outcome, such as adverse drug responses. Conclusions on the implementation of a PGx-test are generally based on these associations, without explicit mention of other measures relevant to evaluate the test's clinical validity and clinical utility. To gain insight in the clinical impact and select useful tests, additional outcomes are needed to estimate the clinical validity and utility, such as cost-effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number555
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume8
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Clinical utility
  • Clinical validity
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Statins
  • Translation

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